To satisfy readers, good endings are as important as good beginnings. Whether the endings are expected, surprising, or unpredictable, our stories should leave readers feeling glad that they spent time reading them and there should be a clear sense of resolution.
Examples of types of endings:
Hollywood Ending: a happy ending where the hero gets the girl, oversomes the villain, brings peace to the planet, etc..
Ironic Ending: a bittersweet ending when the hero may win but only after a loss (a sort of Pyrrhic victory), or may win only by "losing." Sometimes, stories in literary and mystery genres use this type of ending.
Tragic Ending: The hero loses and the antagonist wins or they both die, but even if the conflict is resolved at the hero's expense, the argument in the story idea is confirmed and resolved.
Surprise Ending: The surprise lies in a twist or a revelation that changes the understanding of the trajectory or the spirit of the story. If skillfully carried out, this type of ending is the most successful.
Vague or Undefined Ending: This occurs when the story is left open-ended, when the reader is left to imagine what could happen. This type of ending is not very effective with most genres, except for horror.
To illustrate the several types of endings, imagine you have written a story with the protagonist Bob, antagonist Winston, and a third conflict-causing character or love interest, Jessica.
Create an ironic ending using these characters.